It can be identified by a pink, slipper-shaped flower which has a sickly sweet smell. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an invasive terrestrial plant species that was first introduced as an ornamental garden plant and is spread exclusively by seed.Since it was introduced, it has spread to most parts of Ireland. Flowers: Himalayan balsam’s pink flowers are a key ID feature in the late growing season. Himalayan balsam flowers have a hooded shape that looks similar to a policeman's helmet. The crushed foliage has a strong musty smell. Seeds can spread up to 5 m from the parent plant. Himalayan Balsam is for me the definitive smell of childhood summers. Marie, ON It self-sows vigorously, and takes over any area where it seeds, driving out native plants. Himalayan balsam’s prolific nectar production draws pollinators away from other plants and is a main draw for gardeners wanting to attract more pollinating species. However, most people would not be able to identify it despite its unique characteristics and smell. While it comes from Asia, it has spread into other habitats, where it pushes out native plants and can wreak serious havoc on the environment. A native of the Western Himalaya, it was introduced in 1839 to Kew Gardens as a greenhouse exotic. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an exotic-looking annual that has pink, helmet-shaped flowers (also known as "policeman’s helmet”), rapid growth, and an entertaining mode of explosive seed dispersal. It has an explosive seed capsule, which scatters seeds over a distance of up to 7m. Himalayan balsam moving in beneath dying ash trees. Himalayan Balsam seed. Unlike Japanese Knotweed, Himalayan Balsam propagates via seeds, which will explode upon touch when ready. P6A 2E5 Did you know? Himalayan balsam is an annual herb, native to the western Himalayas. Himalayan balsam is an annual, so the big problem is the seeds, not the plant itself. Himalayan Balsam is a common weed familiar to everybody. The shape of a flower reminded someone of a traditional policeman's helmet worn in Britain, giving the plant one of its alternate names. However, it does have some redeeming features and whilst I can understand the reasons for it being much despised I feel somebody has to speak up in support of this controversial but defenceless and, even though invidious of me to say it, invaluable plant! Balsamina macrochila Ser. Impatiens macrochila Lindl. It has naturalized in the United States. It prefers moist soils but will grow pretty much anywhere. Mechanical control, by repeated cutting or mowing, is effective for large stands, but plants can regrow if the lower parts are left intact. Access to the sides of riverbanks can be difficult and inaccessible stands can quickly recolonise accessible cleared areas, so vigilance is needed if an area is to be effectively cleared. The explosion of the Himalayan balsam’s fruit capsule can fire seeds up to seven metres. Background: Invasive species can interfere in the structure and functioning of ecosystems. Seeds: Himalayan balsam seed capsules will hold up to 16 seeds. Not so fast says I and look what happens when winter comes: Himalayan balsam has become unpopular because it spreads very quickly along watercourses and pushes out the native perennial vegetation. Himalayan balsam creates dense and tall stands that prevent native plants from establishing and reduce biodiversity. When seed capsules mature and dry, they will explode when touched, shooting seeds in all directions! Below the leaf stems the plant has glands that produce a sticky, sweet-smelling, nectar. Below the leaf stems the plant has glands that produce a sticky, sweet-smelling, nectar. How to identify Himalayan Balsam. Himalayan Balsam is a good nectar source, and because it flowers late, it is widely loved by beekeepers. Keep reading to learn more about how to control Himalayan balsam plants. The pulling technique must be undertaken so that whole plant is uprooted and normally best done if pulled from low down the plant - If snapping occurs at a node the pulling must be completed to include the roots. Between June and October, Himalayan Balsam produces clusters of flowers which are typically pink or purple and trumpet shape, with an apple-like fragrance. However, growing this plant should be avoided, as it spreads rapidly and will quickly overtake native species and reduce biodiversity. Himalayan balsam flowers may be white, light pink, dark pink, purple, or multicoloured. However, it is such a good source of nectar that often bees will visit Himalayan Balsam in preference to native plants. We balsam bash before the plant flowers to prevent seeding, but once it flowers, the seeds will develop even if you pull it up. It can grow one meter per month reaching a final height of three meters. Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is known to many people as an attractive plant with a familiar sweet scent, and a reputation for being a good nectar source for bees. The crushed foliage has a strong musty smell. Himalayan Balsam, spoiling aesthetics and reducing the diversity of wildlife along the river. This plant is a “touch-me-not” plant, which means that when its seed capsules mature and dry, they explode when touched. Himalayan balsam is listed under schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. This annual species can aggressively replace native perennial plants along riverbanks, leading to soil erosion. Himalayan balsam closely resembles native jewelweed, another type of ‘touch-me-not’ plant. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo. Has anyone identified the compound(s) that make up the distinctive and intense scent of Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glandulifera)?I’ve found a number of compounds associated with Impatiens sp., but it does not look like any of them would be carriers of the scent:. info@invasivespeciescentre.ca, Himalayan balsam closely resembles native jewelweed (, AM Nagy, H Korpelainen – Plant Ecology & Diversity, 2015 – Taylor & Francis. 2-Methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone or "lawsone methyl ether" [an anti-inflammatory, fungicidal agent] Impatiens glandulifera, mostly commonly known as Himalayan Balsam, is one of the most aggressively spreading invasive plants in the UK. It is locally c… I’m from a big family so expensive trips to theme parks and holidays abroad were off the cards for us. Ok says you – may the best man win, it is very pretty and the bees love it. Himalayan Balsam, or Impatiens glandulifera, to use its scientific name is a large, annual plant species native to, as its name suggests, the Himalayan mountains of East Asia.Growing alongside the colossal peaks and quaint streams of Nepal, Myanmar and other nearby nations. P: (705) 541-5790 How to get rid of Himalayan Balsam. Large stands of Himalayan balsam may often be smelt before they are seen; the plant gives off a heady (some say sickly) sweet smell which can; be very strong if the stand is large. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Himalayan balsam flowers are pink, with a hooded shape, 3-4 cm tall and 2 cm broad; the flower shape has been compared to a policeman’s helmet. It grows rapidly and spreads quickly, smothering other vegetation as it goes. This plant is a prolific nectar producer and produces about 800 seeds per plant. Leaves: This plant has long, toothed leaves 5-23 cm long. Stem: The hollow, purple/reddish stem grow between 1-3 m tall. The stem of a Himalayan Balsam plant will be hollow, red-jointed, and hairless. Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glanulifera) is an attractive looking flower, with a stout, hollow stem, trumpet shaped pink/white flowers and elliptical shaped green leaves. The insects may transfer pollen between flowers of conspecifics or from the same plant. Preventing the Spread of Himalayan Balsam Himalayan Balsam spreads through natural transport pathways such as flowing rivers and wildlife, as well as through human transportation such as boats and footwear. What is Himalayan Balsam? The following information below link to resources that have been created by external organizations. Himalayan balsam ( Impatiens glandulifera ) is a relative of the busy Lizzie, but reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem, especially on riverbanks and waste land, but can also invade gardens. “A n unpleasant rank smell from mucus glands,” says one website; ... Other sources say Himalayan balsam was introduced from the western Himalayas … Cutting the plants down to ground level can stall their progress, but by sure to plan your attack for the end of June; too late and you risk spreading the seeds, too early and you risk precipitating a regrowth of new stems. Himalayan Balsam is an invasive invader and is not feeling the love in this country at the moment. Produced by Cymdeithas Llandudoch, St Dogmaels Community Association The information on these pages has been pulled together by non-experts, through extensive web searches and limited consultation with experts. It escaped into the wild and is now recorded throughout the UK, particularly along the banks of watercourses. Cutting the plant below the lowest node can help stop regeneration. Himalayan Balsam is rapidly spreading in North West Wales. It's quite pretty. Instead our school summer holidays were filled with days out in local beauty spots. Impatiens glandulifera Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Ericales Family: Balsaminaceae Genus: Impatiens Species: I. glandulifera Binomial name Impatiens glandulifera Royle Synonyms List Balsamina glandulifera Ser. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Click here for the latest Himalayan Balsam information leaflet. Although Himalayan balsam is an attractive plant, it has rapidly become one of the UK’s most widespread invasive weed species, colonising river banks, waste land, damp woodlands, roadways and railways. Populations The plant produces a large amount of nectar which may result in less pollination of native species by bumblebees and a subsequent loss of biodiversity. It is an offence to plant this species or to cause it to grow in the wild. However, management should only take place if there are no visible seeds, as disturbing the seeds can lead to further infestation in the disturbed soil. Himalayan balsam is widely distributed across Canada and can be found in eight provinces. However, if this species spreads to the wild or to a neighbour’s property then landowners/ As the seeds are not very robust and only last about 18 months, management can be completed in two years as long as proper disposal has occurred and all plants have been removed. Introduced as a garden ornamental in the mid-19th century, it now successfully competes… It reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem. 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